Nada, Bindu and Kala
In earlier lessons you learnt that Shiva or Bramhan is the supreme
consciousness. Shiva, however, is static aspect. Its dynamic and creative aspect
is Shakti or Maya. Now its time to understand how this creation is related to
sound or vibrations.
As discussed earlier the origin of this universe is from Shiva who is
attributeless (nirguna). This attributeless Shiva is the pure consciousness and
is passive. No creation is possible from this attributeless Shiva. The
attributeless Shiva has the other counterpart that is with attributes (saguna).
This counterpart can be considered as energized consciousness. This energized
consciousness possesses energy or Shakti. This Shakti alone is responsible for
Under unmanifested conditions the Shiva and Shakti are perfectly balanced. A
cosmic creative vibration (called sphota or explosion) arises between Shiva and Shakti called Nada. This Nada
is, however, in undifferentiated state. This Nada then gets consolidated to
give rise to Shabda Bramhan (differentiated sound energy). This Shabda Bramhan
is the universal cosmic sound and is symbolized by Om.
Shabda Bramhan is thus the first creative aspect of the Creator and gives
rise to three forms of energies namely Icchashakti (energy of will), Janashakti
(energy of knowledge) and Kriyashakti (energy of action). These three energies
represent tama, sattva and rajas gunas respectively. These three energies are
also referred as Bindu, Kala and Nada respectively.
Remember that the Nada that is said to be the first cosmic vibration is not
the same as this Nada that represents Kriyashakti.
Out of the Shabda Bramhan also begins the endless diversified creation. The
Shabda Bramhan gives rise to cosmic intelligence called Mahat that is
responsible for the creation. From this cosmic intelligence the ego or a feeling
of 'I' (ahankara) is born. The fulfillment of 'I' sense is made by the evolution
that springs from it. Thus Tanmatras of five great elements are born. It also
creates five organs of sense and five organs of action. This complete creative
process is illustrated in the following figure.
Thus it can be said that sound vibrations are the basis of creation. This
goes in line with modern science that says mass and energy are interchangeable.
When you practice Nadashravana Kriya you essentially hear these cosmic sounds or
vibrations. In the advanced stages of practice you will be able to hear Om, the