Practice of Ajapa Dhyana
Upanishads, Tantras and Yoga texts all laud Ajapa Sadhana as is clear from the
following verses of Yoga Chudamani Upanishad:
हकारेण बहिर्याती सकारेण विशेत्पुनः ।
हंसहंसेत्यमुं मंत्रम जीवो जपदि सर्वदा ॥
षटशतानि दिवारात्रौ सहस्त्राण्येकविंशतिः ।
एतात्संख्यांवितं मंत्रम जीवो जपति सर्वदा ॥
अजपानाम गायत्री योगिनां मोक्षदा सदा ।
अस्याः संकल्पमात्रेण सर्वपापैः प्रमुच्यते ॥
अनया सदृशी विद्या अनया सदृशो जपः ।
अनया सदृशं ज्ञानं न भूतं न भविष्यति ॥
By the sound of Ha breath goes out and by the sound of Sa
it comes in. This HamSa manta is always recited by living beings. In one day and
night living being recites this mantra for twenty one thousand and six hundred
times. This gayatri known as Ajapa bestows liberation on Yogis. By mere
intention of chanting this mantra all sins are destroyed. No learning higher
than Ajapa, no japa higher than Ajapa, no knowledge higher than Ajapa ever
existed in the past nor will exist in the future.
Breath goes out with the sound of Ha and comes in with sound Sa. If we
combine these two letters in the form of exhalation and inhalation it becomes
HamSah mantra. If we combine them as inhalation and then exhalation it becomes
SoHam mantra. Both of these mantras have the same meaning. The Sanskrit word
SoHam is combination Sah + Aham . Sah means
'That' and Aham means 'I'. Here, 'I' means Jiva or individual soul and Sah means Shiva or Supreme
Soul. Thus the mantra HamSah underlines the fact that 'Jiva is Shiva'. We all recite
this mantra with every breathe but a Yogi alone knows its true significance. SoHam mantra is called as Ajapa because it need not be recited
willfully. Japa is deliberate recitation of a mantra and Ajapa means the one who
is not Japa i.e. spontaneous or natural recitation. God has made provision so that we all chant it spontaneously
for 21,600 in a day and night. Ajapa
is also called as Gayatr which means the energy that protects the vital life energy.
Now let's see how Ajapa Dhyana is performed.
- Place a four folded woolen blanket or mat at the place where you intend
to sit for meditation. As far as possible you should use the same place
everyday for your practice.
- Sit on your meditation seat facing north or east. There is no rigid
guideline about the posture to be assumed. You can use Padmasana, Siddhasana,
Swatikasana or Sukhasana. If you cannot sit in any of these postures you can
use chair. Your posture
should be such that spinal column, chest and head are in one straight line.
- Close your eyes and surrender yourself to God.
- Now chant OM three times. Feel unwanted thoughts pushed aside.
Feel the vibrations of OM surrounding you and protecting you.
- Inhale deeply from your nose so that lungs are filled completely and
then exhale through your mouth. Ensure that all air is being taken out.
Repeat this for 4 to 6 times.
- Now focus your awareness on your breathing. Observe every incoming and outgoing current of
air. Be aware of the breathing that otherwise happens spontaneously.
- When you breathe in feel mental sound So and when you breathe out feel
mental sound Ham.
- Recite this SoHam mantra with each breath. Keep in mind that you are not
interfering in the natural breathing process. You are just watching it.
Continue this for prescribed time.
- Do not leave your seat immediately after completing the practice. Be
seated and enjoy the peace, happiness and relaxation generated because of
- Again bow down to God and end the session.
To make your breath awareness stronger you may visualize that
large number of light particles are entering your nostrils with
every inhalation and leaving you with each exhalation. In the
beginning let your awareness revolve around breathing process
alone. When your practice matures you can shift the center of
awareness to heart or eye brow center. Once chosen the center of
awareness should not be changed frequently. To make the
awareness of the chosen center you can visualize OM or Flame or
image of your deity at that point.
You should allot time duration for Ajapa Dhyana as per your
daily schedule. Someone will give 5 minutes or someone will
devote 1 hour. More the better holds true for Ajapa also. As a
general guideline it can be said that one should give at least
20 minutes anytime of the day for Ajapa Dhyana. Those who can
make it can practice it twice a day. On holidays devote more
time whenever possible.